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13-06-2009, 06:12 PM
Post: #1
Brain finger printing technology

.doc  brain-fingerprinting.doc (Size: 179 KB / Downloads: 2170)

.ppt  brain fingerprinting.ppt (Size: 442 KB / Downloads: 2060)

Brain fingerprinting is a technique that measures recognition of familiar stimuli by measuring electrical brain wave responses to words, phrases, or pictures that are presented on a computer screen. Brain fingerprinting was invented by Dr. B. S. Farwell. The theory is that the suspect's reaction to the details of an event or activity will reflect if the suspect had prior knowledge of the event or activity. This test uses the Memory and Encoding Related Multifaceted Electroencephalographic Response to detect familiarity reaction. It is hoped it might be more accurate than a polygraph (lie-detector) test, which measures physiological signals such as heart rate, sweating, and blood pressure.

The person to be tested wears a special headband with electronic sensors that measure the EEG from several locations on the scalp. In order to calibrate the brain fingerprinting system, the testee is first presented with a series of irrelevant stimuli, words, and pictures, and then a series of relevant stimuli, words, and pictures. The testee's brain response to these two different types of stimuli allow the testor to determine if the measured brain responses to test stimuli, called probes, are more similar to the relevant or irrelevant responses.




BRAIN FINGERPRINTING tECHNOLOGY




Presented By:
T.MALLESWARARAO


INDEX
Introduction.
What an Embedded System?.
Automation of Cars.
Use of Automation of cars with embedded systems.
Range of detection.
T-Rays are Odd.
Concerning the Digital camera.
Revealing and Image making of T-Rays.
Advantages.
Conclusion.

INTRODUCTION

Brain Fingerprinting is a new computer-based technology to identify the person of a crime accurately
Brain Fingerprinting is based on the principle that the brain is central to all human acts.
Brain fingerprinting was invented by Lawrence Farwell which is used to detect the crimes based up on the brain wave responses

Why Brain finger printing?

In a criminal act, there may or may not be many kinds of peripheral evidence, but the brain is always there, planning, executing, and recording the crime.
As it can be applicable to determine the fundamental difference between a crime attempted person and a falsely accused.

This theory means that the brain processes known,
relevant information differently from the way it
processes unknown or irrelevant information.
The specific pattern EEG(electroencephalograph)
used in this technique is to process the known
information of a crime attempted person
Later Farwell discovered the MERMER ,
which
includes the P300 and additional features and is
reported to provide a higher level of accuracy than the
P300 alone.





MERMER Methodology:

Global Positioning System (G.P.S) using satellites can provide positioning information and proves to be a versatile all-time.
The models for GPS also include aiding sensors, e.g. dead reckoning, radar and camera.
An accurate steering control is obtained using Pulse Code Modulation technique



Interaction with Environment

The vehicle is required to withhandle its environmental capabilities with its intelligent controls.
basic driving functions consists of lane-keeping, safe distance maintenance, timely lane changing and overtaking.






WADGPS concept

The Master Control Station (MCS) receives the positioning information from the satellite by employing this concept.
The MCS is linked to GPS instrumented position location systems (PLS) installed on the autonomous vehicles through a data link sub system (DLS). The DLS can either use VHF or UHF or L-band, incorporating time division multiple access protocol to handle on the roads.





Dead reckoning performance

Once the vehicle commences the journey the sensors continuously keep track of the direction and displacement of the vehicle .
The desired destination and starting position of the vehicle together with the time of travel.






Digital road maps

The new generation microprocessors promises further increase in system capabilities.
The digital road maps, available on CD-ROMâ„¢s have substantially increased safety of automobiles.





ADVANTAGES

When traffic slows down vehicle speed is altered using moderate braking to maintain a constant distance between his and other cars.
In advanced systems just in the case the driver over speeds or suddenly falls over and guides the car to a safe halt. And if you have programmed it right, the GPS in the car would take you to your destination .

If a smart thief has managed to break in through the car, the car doesn™t start up even if it does the computer I the car would lock the steering wheel and cutoff the fuel injection supply ¦ in the mean time a signal is set to the nearest police station and the owner informing them about the thief.
Some designs now include so-called "pre-safe" systems, which sense possible collisions in advance based on emergency braking, skidding, and sudden evasive maneuvers.





CONCLUSION
Making the autonomous easy to operate for the user and the designers should concentrate more in producing autonomous cars.
Due to speed control technique, accident free driving is possible and fuel savage is also made possible by the technique.
So that we could find ourselves using these autonomous cars in the near feature.

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16-07-2009, 10:07 PM
Post: #2
RE: Brain finger printing technology
can i dwnload this
16-07-2009, 10:41 PM
Post: #3
RE: Brain finger printing technology
plss fwd the report of this ropic
05-10-2009, 08:59 AM
Post: #4
RE: Brain finger printing technology
thanksss
10-10-2009, 02:59 PM
Post: #5
RE: Brain finger printing technology

.doc  brain-fingerprinting.doc (Size: 83 KB / Downloads: 519)

.pdf  new Brain-Fingerprinting.pdf (Size: 524.46 KB / Downloads: 842)


Brain Fingerprinting is a controversial forensic science technique that determines whether specific information is stored in a subjectâ„¢s brain by measuring electrical brainwave responses to words phrases, or pictures that are presented on a computer screen (Farwell & Smith 2001). Brain fingerprinting was invented by Lawrence Farwell. The theory is that the brain processes known, relevant information differently from the way it processes unknown or irrelevant information (Farwell & Donchin 91). The brainâ„¢s processing of known information, such as the details of a crime stored in the brain, is revealed by a specific pattern in the EEG (electroencephalograph) (Farwell & Smith 2001, Farwell 94). Farwellâ„¢s brain fingerprinting originally used the well known P300 brain response to detect the brainâ„¢s recognition of the known information (Farwell & Donchin 86, 91; Farwell 95a). Later Farwell discovered the MERMER ("Memory and Encoding Related Multifaceted Electroencephalographic Response"), which includes the P300 and additional features and is reported to provide a higher level of accuracy than the P300 alone (Farwell & Smith 2001, Farwell 94, Farwell 95b). In peer-reviewed publications Farwell and colleagues report over 99% accuracy in laboratory research (Farwell & Donchin 91, Farwell & Richardson 2006) and real-life field applications (Farwell & Smith 2001, Farwell et al. 2006). In independent research William Iacono and others who followed identical or similar scientific protocols to Farwellâ„¢s have reported a similar high level of accuracy (e.g., Allen & Iacono 97).

Brain fingerprinting has been applied in a number of high-profile criminal cases, including helping to catch serial killer JB Grinder (Dalbey 99) and to exonerate innocent convict Terry Harrington after he had been falsely convicted of murder (Harrington v. State). Brain fingerprinting has been ruled admissible in court (Harrington v. State, Farwell & Makeig 2005). In the controversial Sister Abhaya murder case, the Ernakulam Chief Judicial Magistrate court had asked the Central Bureau of Investigation to make use of all modern investigation techniques, including brain fingerprinting
Brain fingerprinting technique has been criticized on a number of fronts (Fox 2006b, Abdollah 2003). Although independent scientists who have used the same or similar methods as Farwellâ„¢s brain fingerprinting have achieved similar, highly accurate results (Allen & Iacono 97; see also Harrington v. State), different methods have yielded different results. J. Peter Rosenfeld used P300-based tests incorporating fundamentally different methods, resulting in as low as chance accuracy (Rosenfeld et al. 2004) as well as susceptibility to countermeasures, and criticized brain fingerprinting based on the premise that the shortcomings of his alternative technique should generalize to all other techniques in which the P300 is among the brain responses measured, including brain fingerprinting.
and more
on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brain_fingerprinting

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12-01-2010, 06:55 PM
Post: #6
RE: Brain finger printing technology
thank u and this site is very useful 4 my seminar
10-03-2010, 07:59 PM
Post: #7
RE: Brain finger printing technology
Hey,
feel great to hear from you. Please keep visiting this site and tell ur friends too

And this Brain Fingerprinting is a new computer-based technology to identify the perpetrator of a crime accurately and scientifically by measuring brain-wave responses to crime-relevant words or pictures presented on a computer screen. It is a technique invented by Dr. Lawrence Farwell and measures recognition of familiar stimuli by measuring electrical brain wave responses to words, phrases, or pictures using MERMER.

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18-03-2010, 06:04 PM
Post: #8
RE: Brain finger printing technology
please provide paper presentation of this topic.. very much in need.. pls help
20-03-2010, 11:08 AM
Post: #9
RE: Brain finger printing technology
This thread contains details on this topic.
also visit this thread:
http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-BR...TECHNOLOGY

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12-04-2010, 08:34 PM
Post: #10
RE: Brain finger printing technology
please read
http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-br...logy--2715
http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-br...technology
http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-br...erprinting
for getting all information about BRAIN FINGER PRINT TECHNOLOGY

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30-06-2010, 11:02 AM
Post: #11
RE: Brain finger printing technology
Brain finger printing technology
there was some problem with the paper presentation of the topic Brain finger printing technology
i got (contents were mixed up with another topic). anybody please provide paper presentation of the topic Brain finger printing technology here or mail to handcphotostattly[at]gmail.com
26-08-2010, 01:29 PM
Post: #12
RE: Brain finger printing technology
please provide me the information of the algorithm used in brain finger printng and the language in which it is implemented.Its urgent.my e-mail id is lakshmyj[at]gmail.com
Thank u
29-08-2010, 01:45 PM
Post: #13
RE: Brain finger printing technology
thanks for your awesome post.....
04-09-2010, 11:29 AM
Post: #14
RE: Brain finger printing technology
I also want the algorithm for brain fingerprinting technology.... Smile
Can u send m... Smile
Pls... Smile
04-10-2010, 09:30 AM
Post: #15
RE: Brain finger printing technology

.ppt  BRAIN FINGERPRINTING.ppt (Size: 1,018 KB / Downloads: 156)
This article is presented by:
JUNED MALA
KAVISH UPADHYAY

BRAIN FINGERPRINTING

BASIC IDEA



We can never determine what is going on in one’s mind.
Human nature changes according to the situation around him.
So, in order to catch the human brain, one has to scan the brain itself to get the truth.


NEEDS


Various lie detection tests were performed on the criminals or the suspects. But nowadays, the subjects even clears those tests.
E.g. POLYGRAPHIC TESTS.

BRAIN FINGERPRINTING - Introduction


It was developed by Dr.Farewell

It is a technique determining that a specific information is stored
in Brain or not.

This is measured with the help a device measuring the Brain waves.

13-10-2010, 11:32 AM
Post: #16
RE: Brain finger printing technology
Artificial Intelligence – Brain Fingerprinting

Abstract:

Brain Fingerprinting is a new technique used to determine scientifically what information is, or is not stored in a particular brain. Fingerprinting means matching evidence at the crime scene, with evidence in the brain. Brain Fingerprinting measures electrical brain activity in response to crime-relevant words or pictures presented on a computer screen, and reveals a brain MERMER (Memory and Encoding Related Multifaceted Electroencephalographic Response) when the evidence stored in the brain matches the evidence from the crime scene. The mathematical data analysis algorithm compares these responses to the three types of stimuli and produces a information present (guilty) ,information absent (innocent) and a statistical confidence level for this determination. We could to do the Crime Evidence Collection, Brain Evidence Collection, Computer Evidence Analysis and Scientific Result. With the result of these activities Brain Fingerprinting is very much useful in National security, Medical diagnosis, Criminal justice system and also Advertising.









Presented by,
S. Angala Eswari (08c09)
P. Muthu Mari (08c53)


http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-br...?pid=22738
13-10-2010, 12:42 PM
Post: #17
RE: Brain finger printing technology

.doc  Brain Finger12.doc (Size: 361 KB / Downloads: 172)
The Brain Fingerprinting Technology



ABSTRAT:
Brain Fingerprinting is a new computer-based technology to identify the perpetrator of a crime accurately and scientifically by measuring brain-wave responses to crime-relevant words or pictures presented on a computer screen. Brain Fingerprinting has proven 100% accurate in over 120 tests, including tests on FBI agents, tests for a US intelligence agency and for the US Navy, and tests on real-life situations including felony crimes.

Why Brain Fingerprinting???
Brain Fingerprinting is based on the principle that the brain is central to all human acts. In a criminal act, there may or may not be many kinds of peripheral evidence, but the brain is always there, planning, executing, and recording the crime. The fundamental difference between a perpetrator and a falsely accused, innocent person is that the perpetrator, having committed the crime, has the details of the crime stored in his brain, and the innocent suspect does not. This is what Brain Fingerprinting detects scientifically
16-10-2010, 04:50 PM
Post: #18
RE: Brain finger printing technology

.pptx  BRD.pptx (Size: 147.11 KB / Downloads: 128)
Brain finger printing technology

KURINJI COLLEGE OF ENGG & TECH Manapparai

SUBMITTED BY,

R.SUBHASHINI DEVI III yr(CSE)
N.SASIKALA III yr(IT)


What is BFP ???

Brain fingerprinting is the new computer based tech., to identify the perpetrator of a crime scientific by measuring the brain waves.

It has proven 100% accurate in over 120 tests for a US intelligence agency and for the US navy including felony crimes.

Measures the response to visual or audio stimulus
03-11-2010, 05:53 PM
Post: #19
RE: Brain finger printing technology
detailed seminar report and presentation of Brain finger printing technology spread in these three pages http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-br...logy--2715
http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-br...technology
http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-br...ting--6343

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27-11-2010, 11:08 AM
Post: #20
RE: Brain finger printing technology

.docx  DIGITAL FINGERPRINTING.docx (Size: 415.16 KB / Downloads: 114)
Presented by:SHYAM ASHISH
DIGITAL FINGERPRINTING


ABSTRACT

With widespread distribution of multimedia, it is critical to secure multimedia content and enforce intellectual property rights. A fundamental problem in multimedia security and forensics is to identify entities involved in the illegal usage of multimedia.
Numerous systems addressing the issue of copyright protection can be found in the literature, the majority of them being based on watermarking Watermarking is the technique of imperceptibly embedding information within the content of the original medium . Although watermarking has attracted considerable interest, it bears certain deficiencies.The requirement of embedding information inside a multimedia document before it reaches the public, implies distortion of the data at a certain extent and automatically excludes data that are already in the public domain and need to be protected. In addition, watermarking is unable to deal with content leakages, i.e. cases where an unwatermarked copy of the original artwork is stolen and distributed.
In order to overcome these inherent watermarking deficiencies,the scientific community recently started to investigate copyright protection and digital rights management in multimedia data through content based approaches These approaches, which come under different names such as DIGITAL FINGERPRINTING.
Digital fingerprinting is an important tool in multimedia forensics to trace traitors and protect multimedia content after decryption.This seminar will addresses the enforcement of digital rights when distributing multimedia over heterogeneous networks and studies the scalable multimedia fingerprinting systems in which users receive copies of different quality. We will investigate the traitor tracing capability of such scalable fingerprinting systems, in particular, the robustness of the embedded fingerprints against multi-user collusion attacks. Under the fairness constraints on collusion that all attackers share the same risk of being captured, we will analyze the maximum number of colluders that the fingerprinting systems can withstand, and our results will show that multimedia fingerprints can survive collusion attacks by a few dozen colluders.

Need of digital fingerprinting
The volume of online audio and video content is growing exponentially. An August 2009 survey conducted by the Diffusion Group for Digital smiths found that more than 70% of US Internet users surveyed had watched online video in the past week, and more than one-half had watched online TV programs.
Intel’s chief of technology, Justin Rattner, predicted, back in September 2009 at the Intel’s Developer Forum (IDF) in San Francisco, that by 2015 more than 12 billion devices will be capable of connecting to 500 billion hours of TV and video content.
These forecasts emphasize the growing need of content and rights holders to identify copyrighted content as it moves across computers and mobile phones around the world. Media owners are today looking for ways to track and control the distribution of their content on the broadcast television and the internet. They are also looking at new ways to develop business models with digital publishing platforms such as UGC or social network sites, in order to monetize their content, including through advertising revenue sharing. Content publishing companies, in turn, are looking for means to expand their business in advertising and to offer additional services that generate real revenues. There is a clear need for tech¬nology that enables flexible business rules to be applied to online content and which fits seamlessly into the established content-to-consumer delivery chain. Digital fingerprinting meets this need.

What is digital fingerprinting?

Similar to a human fingerprint that uniquely identifies a human being, a digital fingerprint uniquely identifies a piece of video/audio content. Digital Fingerprinting gives content owners and publishers more options to control the distribution of their content and also a technique for identifying users who use multimedia content for unintended purposes, such as redistribution. These fingerprints are typically embedded into the content using watermarking techniques that are designed to be robust to a variety of attacks.

An ideal fingerprinting system should fulfill several requirements. It should be able to accurately identify a media asset, regardless of the level of compression, distortion or interference in a transmission channel. For many other applications it should identify the title from excerpts as short as just a few seconds (a pro¬perty known as granularity), this requires support for shifting - the lack of synchronization between the extracted fingerprint and those stored in the database. It should also be able to deal with other sources of degradation, such as :

- Audio : pitching (playing audio faster or slower), equalization, background noise, D/A-A/D conversion, speech and audio coders (such as GSM or MP3).
- Video : heavy compression (e.g. ‘youtube’ quality and much less), insertion or removal of subtitles or logos, scaling, aspect ration change, speed change, 16:9 to 4:3, camcorder, black bars, conversion to black and white , flipping etc.

Collusion attacks

3.1 Linear Collusion
Linear collusion is one of the most feasible collusion attacks against multimedia fingerprinting. When users come together with a total of K differently fingerprinted copies of the same multimedia content, these users can simply linearly combine the K signals to produce a colluded version. Since normally no colluder is willing to take more of a risk than any other colluder, the fingerprinted signals are typically averaged with an equal weight for each user [10]-[12],[16],[17], as illustrated in Figure Averaging reduces the power of each contributing fingerprint. As the number of colluders increases, the trace of each individual fingerprint becomes weaker. In fact, the colluded signal can have better perceptual quality in that it can be more similar to the host signal than the fingerprinted signals are.
The collusion attack considered in [11] consists of adding a small amount of noise to the average of K fingerprinted documents, where the original document is perturbed by the marking process to produce fingerprinted documents with a bounded distortion from the
original document. It was shown that O(_N / logN ) adversaries are sufficient to defeat the underlying watermarks, where N is the total length of the fingerprint signal. a more general linear attack was considered,
where the colluders employ multiple input/ single-output linear shift-invariant (LSI) filtering plus additive Gaussian noise to thwart the orthogonal fingerprints. Under the assumption that all fingerprints are independent and have identical statistical characteristics, it was shown that the optimal LSI attack involves each user weighting their marked document equally prior to the addition of additive noise.

When the fingerprint is spread throughout the entire host signal by such techniques as spread-spectrum embedding and detected through some form of correlation, the cut-and-paste collusion attack has an effect that is similar to averaging collusion. In both cases, the energy of each contributing fingerprint is reduced by a factor corresponding to the amount of copies involved in the collusion. As an example, if Alice contributes half of her samples to a cut and- paste collusion, the energy of Alice’s fingerprint in the colluded copy is only half of her overall fingerprint energy. As a result, the correlation of the colluded signal with Alice’s fingerprint is roughly half the correlation of a noncolluded copy of Alice’s fingerprinted signal with her fingerprint. Therefore, when considering spread-spectrum embedding, we may consider cut and- paste collusion as analogous to averaging collusion.

3.2 Nonlinear Collusion

Linear collusion by averaging is a simple and effective way for a coalition of users to attenuate embedded fingerprints. Averaging, however, is not the only form of collusion attack available to a coalition of adversaries. In fact, for each component of the multimedia signal, the colluders can output any value between the minimum and maximum values that they have observed, and have high confidence that the spurious value they get is within the range of just-noticeable difference since each fingerprinted copy is expected to have high perceptual quality. Therefore, we next examine families of nonlinear collusion attacks. An important class of nonlinear collusion attacks is based upon such operations as taking the maximum, minimum, and median of corresponding components of the K colluders’ independent watermarked copies [10],[18]. For simplicity in analysis, nonlinear attacks are typically assumed to be performed in the same domain of features as the fingerprint embedding.

3.2.1 Nonlinear attacks [18].

Minimum/maximum/median attack: Under these three attacks, the colluders create an attacked signal in which each component is the minimum, maximum, and median, respectively, of the corresponding components of the K watermarked signals associated with the colluders.

Minmax attack: Each component of the attacked signal is the average of the maximum and minimum of the corresponding components of the K watermarked signals.

Modified negative attack: Each component of the attacked signal is the difference between the median and the sum of the maximum and minimum of the corresponding components of the K watermarked signals.

Randomized negative attack: Each component of the attacked signal takes the value of the maximum of the corresponding components of the K watermarked signals with probability p, and takes the minimum with probability (1-p).

The effectiveness of different attacks were studied in [18] based on two performance criteria: the probability of capturing at least one colluder (Pd ) and the probability of falsely accusing at least one innocent user (Pfp ). Since the colluded fingerprint components under the minimum, maximum, and randomized negative attacks do not have zero mean, preprocessing was applied to remove the mean from the colluded copy. It was observed that the overall performance under the median or minmax attacks is comparable to that of the average attack. Therefore, from the attacker’s point of view, there is no gain in employing the median or minmax attack compared to the average attack. On the other hand, the effectiveness of collusion improves under the minimum, maximum, and modified negative attacks. The randomized negative attack was shown to be the most effective attack, but it also introduces larger, more perceivable distortion to the host signal than other attacks. Colluders may also apply additional noise after the nonlinear combining [18],[19]. As the amount of distortion introduced by the nonlinear combining increases, the amount of additional noise that can be added while maintaining perceptual constraints decreases.
18-12-2010, 04:51 PM
Post: #21
RE: Brain finger printing technology

.ppt  Brainfinger prinitng.ppt (Size: 2.95 MB / Downloads: 188)
Presented by
Bharadwaj.J.V
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering

Brain Fingerprinting





Introduction
Need for Brain fingerprinting
History and Definition
Working and procedure
Equipment and technology
Applications
Conclusion


WHAT IS BRAIN FINGERPRINTING??

The fundamental difference between the perpetrator of a crime and an innocent person is that the perpetrator, having committed the crime, has the details of the crime stored in his memory, and the innocent suspect does not.
This is what Brain Fingerprinting testing detects scientifically, the presence or absence of specific information.

How the technology works?

Working Principle:
When someone commits a crime, his brain records it has a memory .
Brain Fingerprinting seeks to reveal that memory, by showing the suspect evidence taken from the crime scene.
A head band with sensors is placed on the subject.
A series of pictures or words is flashed on the screen.
The computer records the brain waves produced in response to what the subject sees.
The brain responses called are recorded as a wave form a P300 MERMER
By analyzing MERMER (Memory and Encoding Related Multifaceted Electroencephalographic Response) the pattern of waves, Farwell can determine if the subject is recognizing what he is seeing.

Scientific Procedure

Equipment and Technology

The brain fingerprinting system comprises
A personal computer (Pentium iv,1 GHz, IBM PC).
A data acquisition board .
Two monitors.
A EEG amplifier.
Software for data acquisition.
Electrodes

The electrodes to used to measure electrical brain activity.
The software presents the stimuli, collects the EEG data, and analyzes the data.
Brain electrical activity amplified and stored on a memory device.
During the data collection ,the stimuli are
displayed to the subject on one monitor, and the investigator views another monitor.
Investigator gets the summary of the textual information and the wave form as follows…..
Brain Fingerprinting is a revolutionary new technology for solving crimes, with a record of 100% accuracy.
The technology fulfills an urgent need for governments, law enforcement agencies, corporations, and individuals in a trillion-dollar worldwide market. The technology is fully developed and available for application in the field.
06-01-2011, 05:06 PM
Post: #22
RE: Brain finger printing technology




.ppt  BF.ppt (Size: 1.12 MB / Downloads: 306)

BRAIN is central to all human activities

It generates a unique brain wave pattern when we encounter a familiar stimulus


BPF implies that the brain processes known, relevant information differently from the way it processes unknown or irrelevant information.

The brain’s processing of known information, such as the details of a crime stored in the brain, is revealed by a specific pattern in the EEG (electro-encephalo-graph).

BFP measures these electrical brainwave responses to words, phrases, pictures or people.


Lawrence Farwell invented Brain Fingerprinting.


In the field of criminology, BFP is a new lie detector that has been developed in the United States of America.

BPF is supposed to be the best lie detector available as on date and is said to detect even smooth criminals who pass the polygraph test (the conventional lie detector test) with ease.

This is what Farwell Brain Fingerprinting testing detects scientifically, the presence or absence of specific information.


How does Brain Fingerprinting work…?
FANTASTIC 4...phases!!!
1. Crime Scene Evidence Collection

2. Brain Evidence Collection

3. Computer Evidence Analysis

4. Scientific Result

2. Brain Evidence Collection
The expert then conducts the Brain Evidence Collection in order to determine whether or not the evidence from the crime scene matches evidence stored in the brain of the suspect


Technique
1. Person to be tested wears a special headband with electronic sensors


2. The subject is made to view stimuli which consists of series of words, sounds, pictures or people presented via a computer to the subject for a fraction of a second each

3. Computer Evidence Analysis
4. Scientific Result

Applications
1.Counter terrorism
Brain fingerprinting guarantees help in the the following critical elements in the fight against terrorism:

1. Aid in determining who has participated in terrorist acts, directly or indirectly.


2. Aid in identifying trained terrorists with the potential to commit future terrorist acts, even if they are in a “sleeper” cell and have not been active for years.


3. Help to identify people who have knowledge or training in banking, finance or communications and who are associated with terrorist teams and acts.


4. Help to determine if an individual is in a leadership role within a terrorist organization.
2. Criminal Justice
Brain fingerprinting does not determine whether a suspect is guilty or innocent of a crime. This is a legal determination to be made by a judge and jury, not a scientific determination to be made by a computer or a scientist.

DNA evidence and fingerprints are available in only about 1% of major crimes.

It is estimated that Brain Fingerprinting testing will apply in approximately 60 to 70% of these major crimes

BFP technology gives the judge and jury new, scientifically valid evidence to help them arrive at their decision.
3. Medical
Brain Fingerprinting’ is the patented technology that can measure objectively, for the first time, how memory and cognitive functioning of Alzheimer sufferers are affected by medications.

When presented with familiar information, the brain responds by producing MERMERs.

The technician can use this response to measure how quickly information is disappearing from the brain and whether the drugs they are taking are slowing down the process.
Additional Applications
Significant advances in measuring campaign and media effectiveness.
Helps reduce the incidence of insurance fraud by determining if an individual has knowledge of fraudulent or criminal acts.

Comparison with other Technologies
Conventional fingerprinting and DNA, match physical evidence from a crime scene with evidence on the person of the perpetrator.

Similarly, Brain Fingerprinting matches informational evidence from the crime scene with evidence stored in the brain.

. No questions are asked and no answers are given during Farwell Brain Fingerprinting.

As with DNA and fingerprints, the results are the same whether the person has lied or told the truth at any time

CONCLUSION
Brain Fingerprinting is a revolutionary new scientific technology for solving crimes, identifying perpetrators, and exonerating innocent suspects, with a record of 100% accuracy in research with US government agencies, actual criminal cases, and other applications.
The technology fulfills an urgent need for governments, law enforcement agencies, corporations, investigators, crime victims, and falsely accused, innocent suspects.




29-01-2011, 06:43 AM
Post: #23
RE: Brain finger printing technology
Thank you very much
29-01-2011, 09:32 AM
Post: #24
RE: Brain finger printing technology
you are welcome...

Smile
19-02-2011, 03:52 PM
Post: #25
RE: Brain finger printing technology

.doc  brain-fingerprinting.doc (Size: 78.5 KB / Downloads: 151)
BRAIN FINGERPRINTING
Abstract:
Brain fingerprinting is based on finding that the brain generates a unique brain wave pattern when a person encounters a familiar stimulus Use of functional magnetic resonance imaging in lie detection derives from studies suggesting that persons asked to lie show different patterns of brain activity than they do when being truthful. Issues related to the use of such evidence in courts are discussed. The author concludes that neither approach is currently supported by enough data regarding its accuracy in detecting deception to warrant use in court.
In the field of criminology, a new lie detector has been developed in the United States of America. This is called “brain fingerprinting”. This invention is supposed to be the best lie detector available as on date and is said to detect even smooth criminals who pass the polygraph test (the conventional lie detector test) with ease. The new method employs brain waves, which are useful in detecting whether the person subjected to the test, remembers finer details of the crime. Even if the person willingly suppresses the necessary information, the brain wave is sure to trap him, according to the experts, who are very excited about the new kid on the block.
Introduction:
Brain Fingerprinting is a controversial proposed investigative technique that measures recognition of familiar stimuli by measuring electrical brain wave responses to words, phrases, or pictures that are presented on a computer screen. Brain fingerprinting was invented by Lawrence Farwell. The theory is that the suspect's reaction to the details of an event or activity will reflect if the suspect had prior knowledge of the event or activity. This test uses what Farwell calls the MERMER ("Memory and Encoding Related Multifaceted Electroencephalographic Response") response to detect familiarity reaction. One of the applications is lie detection. Dr. Lawrence A. Farwell has invented, developed, proven, and patented the technique of Farwell Brain Fingerprinting, a new computer-based technology to identify the perpetrator of a crime accurately and scientifically by measuring brain-wave responses to crime-relevant words or pictures presented on a computer screen. Farwell Brain Fingerprinting has proven 100% accurate in over 120 tests, including tests on FBI agents, tests for a US intelligence agency and for the US Navy, and tests on real-life situations including actual crimes..
What is Brain Fingerprinting?
Brain Fingerprinting is designed to determine whether an individual recognizes specific information related to an event or activity by measuring electrical brain wave responses to words, phrases, or pictures presented on a computer screen. The technique can be applied only in situations where investigators have a sufficient amount of specific information about an event or activity that would be known only to the perpetrator and investigator. In this respect, Brain Fingerprinting is considered a type of Guilty Knowledge Test, where the "guilty" party is expected to react strongly to the relevant detail of the event of activity.
Existing (polygraph) procedures for assessing the validity of a suspect's "guilty" knowledge rely on measurement of autonomic arousal (e.g., palm sweating and heart rate), while Brain Fingerprinting measures electrical brain activity via a fitted headband containing special sensors. Brain Fingerprinting is said to be more accurate in detecting "guilty" knowledge distinct from the false positives of traditional polygraph methods, but this is hotly disputed by specialized researchers.
Technique:
The person to be tested wears a special headband with electronic sensors that measure the electroencephalography from several locations on the scalp. In order to calibrate the brain fingerprinting system, the testee is presented with a series of irrelevant stimuli, words, and pictures, and a series of relevant stimuli, words, and pictures. The test subject's brain response to these two different types of stimuli allow the testor to determine if the measured brain responses to test stimuli, called probes, are more similar to the relevant or irrelevant responses.
The technique uses the well known fact that an electrical signal known as P300 is emitted from an individual's brain approximately 300 milliseconds after it is confronted with a stimulus of special significance, e.g. a rare vs. a common stimuls or a stimulas the proband is asked to count. The novel interpretation in brain fingerprinting is to look for P300 as response to stimuli related to the crime in question e.g., a murder weapon or a victim's face. Because it is based on EEG signals, the system does not require the testee to issue verbal responses to questions or stimuli.
Brain fingerprinting uses cognitive brain responses, brain fingerprinting does not depend on the emotions of the subject, nor is it affected by emotional responses. Brain fingerprinting is fundamentally different from the polygraph (lie-detector), which measures emotion-based physiological signals such as heart rate, sweating, and blood pressure. Also, unlike polygraph testing, it does not attempt to determine whether or not the subject is lying or telling the truth.
Four phases of Farwell Brain Fingerprinting:
In fingerprinting and DNA fingerprinting, evidence recognized and collected at the crime scene, and preserved properly until a suspect is apprehended, is scientifically compared with evidence on the person of the suspect to detect a match that would place the suspect at the crime scene. Farwell Brain Fingerprinting works similarly, except that the evidence collected both at the crime scene and on the person of the suspect (i.e., in the brain as revealed by electrical brain responses) is informational evidence rather than physical evidence. There are four stages to Farwell Brain Fingerprinting, which are similar to the steps in fingerprinting and DNA fingerprinting:
1. Brain Fingerprinting Crime Scene Evidence Collection;
2. Brain Fingerprinting Brain Evidence Collection;
3. Brain Fingerprinting Computer Evidence Analysis; and
4. Brain Fingerprinting Scientific Result.
In the Crime Scene Evidence Collection, an expert in Farwell Brain Fingerprinting examines the crime scene and other evidence connected with the crime to identify details of the crime that would be known only to the perpetrator. The expert then conducts the Brain Evidence Collection in order to determine whether or not the evidence from the crime scene matches evidence stored in the brain of the suspect. In the Computer Evidence Analysis, the Farwell Brain Fingerprinting system makes a mathematical determination as to whether or not this specific evidence is stored in the brain, and computes a statistical confidence for that determination. This determination and statistical confidence constitute the Scientific Result of Farwell Brain Fingerprinting: either "information present" – the details of the crime are stored in the brain of the suspect – or "information absent" – the details of the crime are not stored in the brain of the suspect.
Applications:
Counter terrorism:
Brain fingerprinting can help address the following critical elements in the fight against terrorism:
1: Aid in determining who has participated in terrorist acts, directly or indirectly.
2: Aid in identifying trained terrorists with the potential to commit future terrorist acts, even if they are in a “sleeper” cell and have not been active for years.
3: Help to identify people who have knowledge or training in banking, finance or communications and who are associated with terrorist teams and acts.
4: Help to determine if an individual is in a leadership role within a terrorist organization.
Brain fingerprinting technology is based on the principle that the brain is central to all human acts. In a terrorist act, there may or may not be peripheral evidence such as fingerprints or DNA, but the brain of the perpetrator is always there, planning, executing, and recording the crime. The terrorist has knowledge of organizations, training and plans that an innocent person does not have. Until the invention of Brain Fingerprinting testing, there was no scientific way to detect this fundamental difference.
Brain Fingerprinting testing provides an accurate, economical and timely solution to the central problem in the fight against terrorism. It is now possible to determine scientifically whether or not a person has terrorist training and knowledge of terrorist activities.
With the Brain Fingerprinting system, a significant scientific breakthrough has now become a practical applied technology. A new era in security and intelligence gathering has begun. Now, terrorists and those supporting terrorism can be identified quickly and accurately. No longer should any terrorist be able to evade justice for lack of evidence. And there is no reason why an innocent individual should be falsely imprisoned or convicted of terrorist activity. A Brain Fingerprinting test can determine with an extremely high degree of accuracy those who are involved with terrorist activity and those who are not.
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