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15-02-2009, 12:14 PM
Post: #1
Thumbs Up Motionless electromagnetic generator(Download PPT,Abstract)
Abstract

An electromagnetic generator without moving
parts includes a permanent magnet and a magnetic core including first
and second magnetic paths. A first input coil and a first output coil
extend around portions of the first magnetic path, while a second input
coil and a second output coil extend around portions of the second
magnetic path. The input coils are alternatively pulsed to provide
induced current pulses in the output coils. Driving electrical current
through each of the input coils reduces a level of flux from the
permanent magnet within the magnet path around which the input coil
extends. In an alternative embodiment of an electromagnetic generator,
the magnetic core includes annular spaced-apart plates, with posts and
permanent magnets extending in an alternating fashion between the
plates. An output coil extends around each of these posts. Input coils
extending around portions of the plates are pulsed to cause the
induction of current within the output coils.

Introduction


Within the MEG, a set of input coils and a set of output coils extend
around portions of the transformer-type magnetic core. A pair of input
and output coils are on the right and left of the transformer frame. A
permanent magnet is positioned in middle of the magnetic core. A
permanent magnet furnishes magnetic flux lines moving from the north
pole outward into the core material, resulting in a right and a left
magnetic path. These paths extend externally between the north and
south magnetic poles. A driving electrical current through each of the
input coils reduces a level of magnetic flux from the permanent magnet
within the magnet path around which the input coil extends. A moving
magnetic field induces a charge in a coil. When a magnet is placed in
between two metal plates, the flux is placed evenly. The permanent
magnet is used as a flux battery, making this machine's operation
possible. When a current flows through one of the input coils, all the
magnetic flux goes to one metal plate, making the total magnetic flux
change .5 . Stopping the current through that input coil and the field
goes back to normal, and thus the magnetic flux change is .5 which
pulses another current through the opposite input coil. The magnetic
flux change is .5. Continued operation results in power used that is
only half of the power created.
The MEG's magnetic core is composed
of a magnetic alloy (of crystalline grains (or crystallite) of a few
nanometers). These are used because of the material's rapid switching
of magnetic flux characteristics. Each crystallite is a single-domain
particle in magnetic terms. One of the magnetic materials preferred is
the alloy of cobalt-niobium-boron; this alloy has a near-zero
magnetostriction and relatively strong magnetization. This alloy also
has a relatively high mechanical strength and corrosion resistance.
Other magnetic materials acceptable to be used can be iron-rich
amorphous and nanocrystalline alloys. These materials exhibit a greater
magnetization than the cobalt based alloys. An example of this alloy
material would be iron-boron-silicon-niobium-copper. Though the
permeability of this alloy is limited by its relatively large levels of
magnetostriction, the formation of a nanocrystalline material
dramatically reduces this level of magnetostriction and favors easy
magnetization Initially, a sensing and switching circuit connects the
switching and control circuit to an external power source. External
power sources can include, but are not limited to, a battery. The
"switching and control circuit" is connected to an oscillator driver
that is the clock input of a flip-flop circuit. The alternate outputs
(Q and Q') of the flip-flop are connected through independent driver
circuits; such circuits can include a darlington pair or a one-shot
circuit. The FETs alternately drive the input 'choking' coils. After
being started, a "sensing and switching circuit" detects if there is a
predetermined level of voltage available from a regulator circuit. Once
this condition is met, the power input to the switching and control
circuit is switched from the external power source to the output of the
regulator circuit. After this switching event, the electromagnetic
generator operates without an application of external power.It is
notable that, according to the patent, during operation of the MEG the
input coils are never driven to the point that the core material
becomes saturated. If the core material is saturated, subsequent
increases in input current that do occur have no corresponding effect
in the magnetic flux and input power is wasted. In the MEG, the
switching of current flow within the input coils does not need to be
sufficient to stop the flow of flux in one of the magnetic paths while
promoting the flow of magnetic flux in the other magnetic path. The
electromagnetic generator works by changing the flux pattern; it does
not need to be completely switched from one side to another.





Claims

1.
An electromagnetic generator comprising: a permanent magnet having
magnetic poles at opposite ends; a magnetic core including first and
second magnetic paths between said opposite ends of said permanent
magnet, wherein said magnetic core comprises a closed loop, said
permanent magnet extends within said closed loop, and said opposite
ends of said permanent magnet are disposed adjacent opposite sides of
said closed loop and against internal surfaces of said magnetic core
comprising said closed loop; a first input coil extending around a
portion of said first magnetic path, a second input coil extending
around a portion of said second magnetic path, a first output coil
extending around a portion of said first magnetic path for providing a
first electrical output; a second output coil extending around a
portion of said second magnetic path for providing a second electrical
output; and a switching circuit driving electrical current alternately
through said first and second input coils, wherein said electrical
current driven through said first input coil causes said first input
coil to produce a magnetic field opposing a concentration of magnetic
flux from said permanent magnet within said first magnetic path, and
said electrical current driven through said second input coil causes
said second input coil to produce a magnetic field opposing a
concentration of magnetic flux from said permanent magnet within said
second magnetic path.

2. An electromagnetic generator
comprising: a permanent magnet having magnetic poles at opposite ends;
a magnetic core including first and second magnetic paths between said
opposite ends of said permanent magnet, wherein said magnetic core
comprises a closed loop, said permanent magnet extends within said
closed loop, said opposite ends of said permanent magnet are disposed
adjacent opposite sides of said closed loop, and a first type of pole
of said permanent magnet is disposed adjacent a first side of said
closed loop; a first input coil, disposed along said first side of said
closed loop, extending around a portion of said first magnetic path, a
second input coil, disposed along said first side of said closed loop,
extending around a portion of said second magnetic path, a first output
coil extending around a portion of said first magnetic path for
providing a first electrical output; a second output coil extending
around a portion of said second magnetic path for providing a second
electrical output; and a switching circuit driving electrical current
alternately through said first and second input coils, wherein said
electrical current driven through said first input coil causes said
first input coil to produce a magnetic field opposing a concentration
of magnetic flux from said permanent magnet within said first magnetic
path, and additionally causes said first input coil to produce a
magnetic field having said first type of pole at an end of said first
input coil adjacent said permanent magnet, and said electrical current
driven through said second input coil causes said second input coil to
produce a magnetic field opposing a concentration of magnetic flux from
said permanent magnet within said second magnetic path, and
additionally causes said second input coil to produce a magnetic field
having said first type of pole at an end of said of said second input
coil adjacent said permanent magnet.

3. An electromagnetic
generator comprising: a permanent magnet having magnetic poles at
opposite ends; a magnetic core including first and second magnetic
paths between said opposite ends of said permanent magnet, wherein said
magnetic core comprises a closed loop, said permanent magnet extends
within said closed loop, and said opposite ends of said permanent
magnet are disposed adjacent opposite sides of said closed loop, a
first type of pole of said permanent magnet is disposed adjacent a
first side of said closed loop, and a second type of pole, opposite
said first type of pole, of said permanent magnet is disposed adjacent
a second side of said closed loop; a first input coil extending around
a portion of said first magnetic path, wherein said first input coil is
disposed along said first side of said closed loop; a second input coil
extending around a portion of said second magnetic path wherein said
second input coil is disposed along said second side of said closed
loop; a first output coil extending around a portion of said first
magnetic path for providing a first electrical output; a second output
coil extending around a portion of said second magnetic path for
providing a second electrical output; and a switching circuit driving
electrical current alternately through said first and second input
coils, wherein said electrical current driven through said first input
coil causes said first input coil to produce a magnetic field opposing
a concentration of magnetic flux from said permanent magnet within said
first magnetic path, and additionally causes said first input coil to
produce a magnetic field having said first type of pole at an end of
said first input coil adjacent said permanent magnet, and said
electrical current driven through said second input coil causes said
second input coil to produce a magnetic field opposing a concentration
of magnetic flux from said permanent magnet within said second magnetic
path, and additionally causes said second input coil to produce a
magnetic field having said second type of pole at an end of said of
said second input coil adjacent said permanent magnet.

4. An
electromagnetic generator comprising: a permanent magnet having
magnetic poles at opposite ends; a magnetic core including first and
second magnetic paths between said opposite ends of said permanent
magnet; a first input coil extending around a portion of said first
magnetic path, a second input coil extending around a portion of said
second magnetic path, a first output coil extending around a portion of
said first magnetic path for providing a first electrical output; a
second output coil extending around a portion of said second magnetic
path for providing a second electrical output; and a switching circuit
driving electrical current alternately through said first and second
input coils, wherein said electrical current driven through said first
input coil causes said first input coil to produce a magnetic field
opposing a concentration of magnetic flux from said permanent magnet
within said first magnetic path, and wherein said electrical current
driven through said second input coil causes said second input coil to
produce a magnetic field opposing a concentration of magnetic flux from
said permanent magnet within said second magnetic path, wherein a
portion of electrical power induced in said first output coil provides
power to drive said switching circuit.

5. The electromagnetic
generator of claim 4, wherein said switching circuit is driven by an
external power source during a starting process and by power induced in
said first output coil during operation after said starting process.

6. The electromagnetic generator of claim 2, wherein said magnetic core is composed of a nanocrystalline magnetic alloy.

7. The electromagnetic generator of claim 6, wherein said nanocrystalline magnetic alloy is a cobalt-niobium-boron alloy.

8. The electromagnetic generator of claim 6, wherein said nanocrystalline magnetic alloy is an iron-based alloy.

9.
The electromagnetic generator of claim 2, wherein said changes in flux
density within said magnetic core occur without driving said magnetic
core to magnetic saturation.

10. The electromagnetic generator
of claim 2, wherein said switching circuit drives said electrical
current through said first input coil in response to a first train of
pulses, said switching circuit drives said electrical current through
said second input coil in response to a second train of pulses,
alternating with pulses within said first train of pulses, and said
pulses in said first and second trains of pulses are approximately 11.5
milliseconds in duration.

11. The electromagnetic generator of
claim 2, wherein said permanent magnet is composed of a material
including a rare earth element.

12. The electromagnetic generator of claim 11, wherein said permanent magnet is composed essentially of samarium cobalt.

13.
The electromagnetic generator of claim 11, wherein said permanent
magnet is composed essentially of iron, neodymium, and boron.

14.
An electromagnetic generator comprising: a magnetic core including a
pair of spaced-apart plates, wherein each of said spaced-apart plates
includes a central aperture, and first and second pluralities of posts
extending between said spaced-apart plates; a plurality of permanent
magnets extending individually between said pair of spaced-apart plates
and between adjacent posts within said plurality of posts, wherein each
permanent magnet within said plurality of permanent magnets has
magnetic poles at opposite ends, wherein all magnets within said
plurality of magnets are oriented to produce magnetic fields having a
common direction; first and second pluralities of input coils, wherein
each input coil within said first and second pluralities of input coils
extends around a portion of a plate within said spaced-apart plates
between a post in said plurality of posts and a permanent magnet in
said plurality of permanent magnets; an output coil extending around
each post in said first and second pluralities of posts for providing
an electrical output; a switching circuit driving electrical current
alternatively through said first and second pluralities of input coils,
wherein said electrical current driven through each input coil in said
first plurality of input coils causes an increase in magnetic flux
within each post within said first plurality of posts from permanent
magnets on each side of said post and a decrease in magnetic flux
within each post within said second plurality of posts from permanent
magnets on each side of said post, and wherein said electrical current
driven through input coil in said second plurality of input coils
causes a decrease in magnetic flux within each post within said first
plurality of posts from permanent magnets on each side of said post and
an increase in magnetic flux within each post within said second
plurality of posts from permanent magnets on each side of said post.

15.
The electromagnetic generator of claim 14, wherein each input coil
extends around a portion of a magnetic path through said magnetic core
between said opposite ends a permanent magnet adjacent said input coil,
said magnetic path extends through a post within said magnetic core
adjacent said input coil, and driving electrical current through said
input coil causes said input coil to produce a magnetic field opposing
a concentration of magnetic flux within said magnetic path.

16.
The electromagnetic generator of claim 14, wherein said switching
circuit is driven by an external power source during a starting process
and by power induced in said output coils during operation after said
starting process.

17. The electromagnetic generator of claim 14, wherein said magnetic core is composed of a nanocrystalline magnetic alloy.

18.
The electromagnetic generator of claim 2, wherein a portion of
electrical power induced in said first output coil provides power to
drive said switching circuit.

19. The electromagnetic
generator of claim 18, wherein said switching circuit is driven by an
external power source during a starting process and by power induced in
said first output coil during operation after said starting process.

20.
The electromagnetic generator of claim 3, wherein a portion of
electrical power induced in said first output coil provides power to
drive said switching circuit.

21. The electromagnetic
generator of claim 20, wherein said switching circuit is driven by an
external power source during a starting process and by power induced in
said first output coil during operation after said starting process.

22. The electromagnetic generator of claim 3, wherein said magnetic core is composed of a nanocrystalline magnetic alloy.

23. The electromagnetic generator of claim 22, wherein said nanocrystalline magnetic alloy is a cobalt-niobium-boron alloy.

24. The electromagnetic generator of claim 22, wherein said nanocrystalline magnetic alloy is an iron-based alloy.

25.
The electromagnetic generator of claim 3, wherein said changes in flux
density within said magnetic core occur without driving said magnetic
core to magnetic saturation.

26. The electromagnetic generator
of claim 3, wherein said switching circuit drives said electrical
current through said first input coil in response to a first train of
pulses, said switching circuit drives said electrical current through
said second input coil in response to a second train of pulses,
alternating with pulses within said first train of pulses, and said
pulses in said first and second trains of pulses are approximately 11.5
milliseconds in duration.

27. The electromagnetic generator of
claim 3, wherein said permanent magnet is composed of a material
including a rare earth element.

28. The electromagnetic generator of claim 27, wherein said permanent magnet is composed essentially of samarium cobalt.

29.
The electromagnetic generator of claim 27, wherein said permanent
magnet is composed essentially of iron, neodymium, and boron.


Motionless electromagnetic generator(Download PPT,Abstract)

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24-02-2011, 10:55 AM
Post: #2
RE: Motionless electromagnetic generator(Download PPT,Abstract)
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24-02-2011, 07:40 PM
Post: #3
Wink RE: Motionless electromagnetic generator(Download PPT,Abstract)
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04-03-2011, 09:00 PM
Post: #4
RE: Motionless electromagnetic generator(Download PPT,Abstract)
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06-03-2011, 12:20 PM
Post: #5
RE: Motionless electromagnetic generator(Download PPT,Abstract)
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