Important: Use custom search function to get better results from our thousands of pages

Use " " for compulsory search eg:"electronics seminar" , use -" " for filter something eg: "electronics seminar" -"/tag/" (used for exclude results from tag pages)
Tags: MPEG, Video, Compression,
Ask More Info Of  A Seminar Ask More Info Of A Project Post Reply  Follow us on Twitter
23-09-2008, 01:19 AM
Post: #1
MPEG Video Compression
Definition

MPEG is the famous four-letter word which stands for the "Moving Pictures Experts Groups.
To the real word, MPEG is a generic means of compactly representing digital video and audio signals for consumer distributionThe essence of MPEG is its syntax: the little tokens that make up the bitstream. MPEG's semantics then tell you (if you happen to be a decoder, that is) how to inverse represent the compact tokens back into something resembling the original stream of samples.

These semantics are merely a collection of rules (which people like to called algorithms, but that would imply there is a mathematical coherency to a scheme cooked up by trial and error?.). These rules are highly reactive to combinations of bitstream elements set in headers and so forth.

MPEG is an institution unto itself as seen from within its own universe. When (unadvisedly) placed in the same room, its inhabitants a blood-letting debate can spontaneously erupt among, triggered by mere anxiety over the most subtle juxtaposition of words buried in the most obscure documents. Such stimulus comes readily from transparencies flashed on an overhead projector. Yet at the same time, this gestalt will appear to remain totally indifferent to critical issues set before them for many months.

It should therefore be no surprise that MPEG's dualistic chemistry reflects the extreme contrasts of its two founding fathers: the fiery Leonardo Chairiglione (CSELT, Italy) and the peaceful Hiroshi Yasuda (JVC, Japan). The excellent byproduct of the successful MPEG Processes became an International Standards document safely administered to the public in three parts: Systems (Part), Video (Part 2), and Audio (Part 3).

Pre MPEG
Before providence gave us MPEG, there was the looming threat of world domination by proprietary standards cloaked in syntactic mystery. With lossy compression being such an inexact science (which always boils down to visual tweaking and implementation tradeoffs), you never know what's really behind any such scheme (other than a lot of the marketing hype).
Seeing this threat? that is, need for world interoperability, the Fathers of MPEG sought help of their colleagues to form a committee to standardize a common means of representing video and audio (a la DVI) onto compact discs?. and maybe it would be useful for other things too.

MPEG borrowed a significantly from JPEG and, more directly, H.261. By the end of the third year (1990), a syntax emerged, which when applied to represent SIF-rate video and compact disc-rate audio at a combined bitrate of 1.5 Mbit/sec, approximated the pleasure-filled viewing experience offered by the standard VHS format.

After demonstrations proved that the syntax was generic enough to be applied to bit rates and sample rates far higher than the original primary target application ("Hey, it actually works!"), a second phase (MPEG-2) was initiated within the committee to define a syntax for efficient representation of broadcast video, or SDTV as it is now known (Standard Definition Television), not to mention the side benefits: frequent flier miles

Please Use Search http://www.seminarprojects.com/search.php wisely To Get More Information About A Seminar Or Project Topic
21-12-2010, 04:33 PM
Post: #2
RE: MPEG Video Compression

.pptx  MPEG VIDEO COMPRESSION.pptx (Size: 1.24 MB / Downloads: 133)
PRESENTED BY:->CHANDAN KUMAR

COHIN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
MPEG VIDEO COMPRESSION


SEMINAR OUTLINE

1:-> INTRODUCTION…..
2:-> MPEG MEANS …..?
3:-> NEED OF COMPRESSION….
4:-> TYPES OF VIDEO FRAMES…..
5:> REDUNDANCY IN VIDEO FRAMES ….
6:> VIDEO COMPRESSION…..
7:> PROS & CONS…..
8:-> CONCLUSION…
9:-> REFERENCES…
INTRODUCTION

->Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) a working group of ISO/IEC in charge of the development of standards for coded representation of digital audio and video and related data.
->It has been established in 1988, the group has produced standards that help the industry offer end users an ever more enjoyable digital media experience.


NEED OF COMPRESSION


-> Video actually is a sequence of pictures, each picture is consisted by an array of pixel.

-:> a simple calculation shows that an uncompressed video produces an enormous amount of data.

-:> resolution of 720x576 pixels (PAL), with a refresh rate of 25 fps and 8-bit colour depth, would require the
following bandwidth:
720 x 576 x 25 x 8 + 2 x (360 x 576 x 25 x 8) = 1.66 Mb/s .
-:> For High Definition Television (HDTV):
1920 x 1080 x 60 x 8 + 2 x (960 x 1080 x 60 x 8) = 1.99 Gb/s


TYPES OF FRAMES

An MPEG video can be understood as a sequence of frames.
Two successive frames of a video sequence often have small differences (except in scene changes), the MPEG-standard offers a way of reducing this redundancy. It uses three types of frames:
I-frames (intra)
P-frames (predicted) and
B-frames (bidirectional)

FRAMES

I-FRAME :
>This frame is essentially a JPEG encoded image
> It is created without using any past history.
>This frame is sent to the decoder to provide a known starting point for subsequent predictive and bi-directional frames.
>The standard JPEG encoding process of dividing
the image into 8x8 blocks.



REDUNDANCY IN FRAMES

The Video Compression is possible by eliminating this redundant information from the sequence of incoming video frames
Types of redundancies::
Temporal Redundancy:-Correlation between consecutive frames in a video sequence.
Spatial Redundancy: Correlation between adjacent image pixels within the frame.
Physco-visual redundancy: Human Vision System is less sensitive to detailed texture in the image.

Please Use Search http://seminarprojects.com/search.php wisely To Get More Information About A Seminar Or Project Topic
25-02-2012, 11:05 AM
Post: #3
RE: MPEG Video Compression
to get information about the topic vedio compression technique full report ppt and related topic refer the link bellow
http://seminarprojects.com/Thread-mpeg-2...ull-report

http://seminarprojects.com/Thread-mpeg-v...ssion--842

http://seminarprojects.com/Thread-video-...techniques

http://seminarprojects.com/Thread-image-...-technique
Rating MPEG Video Compression Options
Share MPEG Video Compression To Your Friends :- Seminar Topics Bookmark
Post Reply 

Marked Categories : mpeg topic seminar, algorithm of mpeg video compression, audio video engineering seminar topics, mpg video compression seminors, www seminarprojects com images icons wink gif, seminar on compression techniques of image audio video, vpeg video compression, audio and video topics for seminar, seminar on mpeg, seminar topics on mpeg video compression, how represent project seminar video, mpeg videocoading word file for report, mpeg video compression doc, vedio compression technique, mpeg video compression with word document, video compression seminar, video compression techniques seminars recent, video comprassion, mpeg video compression, mpeg vidio compression,

[-]
Quick Reply
Message
Type your reply to this message here.


Image Verification
Image Verification
(case insensitive)
Please enter the text within the image on the left in to the text box below. This process is used to prevent automated posts.

Possibly Related Threads...
Thread: Author Replies: Views: Last Post
  Still Image Compression Using Wavelet Transform pdf study tips 0 575 06-09-2013 04:10 PM
Last Post: study tips
  Fast Search Strategies for Fractal Image Compression ppt seminar flower 1 1,269 23-03-2013 11:25 AM
Last Post: Guest
  Wavelet-based Image Compression Using Human Visual System Models seminar ideas 1 843 03-12-2012 12:39 PM
Last Post: seminar tips
  A Practical Guide to Video and Audio Compression seminar ideas 0 531 22-05-2012 12:15 PM
Last Post: seminar ideas
  Video Compression - MPEG seminar flower 0 551 21-05-2012 10:45 AM
Last Post: seminar flower
  A Change Information Based Fast Algorithm for Video Object Detection and Tracking seminar ideas 0 585 10-05-2012 05:17 PM
Last Post: seminar ideas
  Digital Video Watermarking project uploader 0 435 09-05-2012 10:51 AM
Last Post: project uploader
  IMAGE PROCESSING AND COMPRESSION TECHNIQUES FULL REPORT seminar ideas 0 1,124 08-05-2012 03:27 PM
Last Post: seminar ideas
  Peer-to-peer(P2P) video streaming systems seminar ideas 0 422 05-05-2012 02:53 PM
Last Post: seminar ideas
  A SECURE CROSS LAYER MULTIPATH ROUTING FOR MD VIDEO IN WIRELESS MESH NETWORK seminar paper 0 673 09-04-2012 03:58 PM
Last Post: seminar paper
This Page May Contain What is MPEG Video Compression And Latest Information/News About MPEG Video Compression,If Not ...Use Search to get more info about MPEG Video Compression Or Ask Here

Options: