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Tags: MULTI, TOUCH, SEMINAR, REPORT, multi touch screen, multi touch ppt, multi touch technology, multi touch mouse, multi touch applications, multi touch laptop, multi touch monitor india, multi touch monitor, multi touch mobile,
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04-03-2011, 10:25 AM
Post: #6
RE: MULTI TOUCH A SEMINAR REPORT
presented by S. BALA BRAHMAM


.ppt  MULTI TOUCH.ppt (Size: 2.57 MB / Downloads: 327)
Introduction
WHAT IS TOUCH-SCREEN?

 A touch-screen is a display which can detect the presence and location of a touch within the display area. The term generally refers to touch or contact to the display of the device by a finger or hand.
 Types of Touch-screen Technologies
 Resistive
 Surface acoustic wave
 Capacitive
 Infrared
 Optical imaging
 Dispersive signal technology
WHAT IS MULTI TOUCH?
 Multi-touch is a human-computer interaction technique and the hardware devices that implement it, which allow users to compute without conventional input devices e.g., mouse, keyboard.
HISTORY
 Multi-touch technology dates back to 1982, when the University of Toronto developed the first finger pressure multi-touch display.
 Bell Labs: In 1984 Bell Labs engineered a multi-touch screen that could manipulate images with more than one hand.
 Fingerworks: In 1998, FW, a Newyork-based company run by University of Delaware academics John Elias and Wayne Westerman, produced a line of multi-touch products including the iGesture Pad and the TouchStream keyboard.
 RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
 Microsoft Surface
 Perceptive Pixel
 Apple iPhone, iPod touch, MacBook Air, and MacBook Pro
 FUTURE
 Enhanced dining experience
 Concierge service
 Governmental use
 Concept mapping
 Collaboration and instruction on Interactive Whiteboards
 PRINCIPLE
FRUSTRATED TOTAL INTERNAL REFLECTION
Total internal reflection
The critical angle is given by
 Total Internal Reflection
 Design (Requirements)
HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
Acrylic with LEDs at its edges
Software requirements
Programming languages like
Processing (P5), Flash, C, C++, Java, etc.
IR rays obtained on a camera
Working
Frustrated Total Internal Reflection
(a)IR view of a touch
(b)Pixel positions located on screen
Advantages
 Multi touch based on FTIR is a simple and inexpensive technique
 Scalable technique
 True touch image information
 scalable to large installations
 Larger shared-display systems
Applications
 Personal computers, Laptops, Tabletops, Graphics Tablets.
 It supports both LCD and CRT monitors.
 Telephones ,Watches ,PDAs, Mobile phones.
 Advanced multi touch Gaming with high graphics support.
 Government offices and business purposes.
 An enhanced multimedia experience including audio,video and photo sharing.
 Enhanced dining experience Applications for a multi touch display are never ending . We can even convert computer to a mere piece of display attached to a wall or a table.
Conclusion
 Multi touch provides any resolution displays supported with high graphics. The applications being both made and proposed are plenty in number.
11-02-2012, 02:32 PM
Post: #7
RE: MULTI TOUCH A SEMINAR REPORT
to get information about the topic multi touch technology full report ,ppt and related topic refer the link bellow

http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-to...ppt?page=2

http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-to...pt?page=15

http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-to...ppt?page=6

http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-to...pt?page=10

http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-to...pt?page=14

http://www.seminarprojects.com/Thread-to...?pid=18481
09-08-2012, 02:50 PM
Post: #8
RE: MULTI TOUCH A SEMINAR REPORT
MULTI TOUCH


.pptx  MULTI TOUCH.pptx (Size: 201.7 KB / Downloads: 42)

What you need:

In order to use these programs you need a program that sends out OSC messages in TUIO format. There are a few options in programs that send out OSC TUIO messages:
CCV
Reactivision
TUIO simulator if you would like to test these programs quickly (without a multitouch screen).

How To Make a Multitouch Surface

There are several ways to make a multitouch surface. There are capacitive, resistive, acoustic, and other non-traditional techniques. Our focus will be on optical techniques since they are the easiest and most cost effective for the average person to create. The most popular optical techniques are:
Frustrated Total Internal Reflection (ie. Perceptive Pixels)
Rear Diffused Illumination (ie. Microsoft Surface)
Front Diffused Illumination (ie. MTmini, MTbiggie)
Diffused Surface Illumination
Laser Light Plane
LED Light Plane

Optical Multitouch Techniques

Each technique utilizes 3 main components:
Infrared Camera (or other optical sensor)
Infrared light
Visual Feedback (projector or LCD)

An infrared camera is pointed at the touch surface and detects when fingers/objects touch the surface. Infrared light is used to distinguish between a visual image on the touch surface and the objects/fingers being tracked. Since most systems have a visual feedback system where an image from a projector or LCD is projected or placed below the touch surface (the MTmini does not), it is important that the camera does not see this image when tracking objects/fingers on the display. In order to separate the objects being tracked from the visual display, a camera can be modified to only see the infrared spectrum of light (by removing the infrared filter and replacing it with a visible light or bandpass filter); this cuts out the visual image from being seen by the camera and allows the camera to only see infrared light that illuminates the objects/fingers on the touch surface. The projector is connected to a computer in order to display the software on the touch surface. The camera is connected to a computer and a tracking application uses the camera image to track and create touch coordinates.
27-08-2012, 07:55 PM
Post: #9
RE: MULTI TOUCH A SEMINAR REPORT
hello sir,
i am mtech student and i am intrested in multi touch screen topic for seminar....so i kindly request u to send information regaring this....kindly request u to reply me soon...
thanking you,
ansari.
09-10-2012, 04:56 PM
Post: #10
RE: MULTI TOUCH A SEMINAR REPORT
MULTI TOUCH A SEMINAR REPORT



.docx  MULTI TOUCH.docx (Size: 30.94 KB / Downloads: 19)

ABSTRACT

Multi-touch technology is an advanced human-computer interaction technique that recogonises multiple touch points and also includes the hardware devices that implement it, which allow users to compute without conventional input devices . Multi-touch consists of a touch screen (screen, table, wall, etc.) or touchpad, as well as a software that recognizes multiple simultaneous touch points, as opposed to the standard touchscreen which recognizes only one touch point at a time. Multi touch using Frustrated Total Internal Reflection is a simple, inexpensive, and scalable technique for enabling high-resolution multi- touch sensing on rear-projected interactive surfaces. Different applications for multi-touch interfaces both exist and are being proposed. Some uses are individualistic eg iPhone, iPod touch, MacBook Pro, MacBook Air. The use of multi-touch technology is expected to rapidly become common place.

INTRODUCTION

TOUCH SCREEN

A touch screen is a display which can detect the presence and location of a touch within the display area. The term generally refers to touch or contact to the display of the device by a finger or hand. Touch screens can also sense other passive objects, such as a stylus. However, if the object sensed is active, as with a light pen, the term touch screen is generally not applicable. The thumb rule is: if you can interact with the display using your finger, it is likely a touch screen - even if you are using a stylus or some other object. Up until recently, most touch screens could only sense one point of contact at a time, and few have had the capability to sense how hard one is touching. This is starting to change with the emergence of multi-touch technology - a technology that was first seen in the early 1980s, but which is now appearing in commercially available systems. The touch screen has two main attributes. First, it enables you to interact with what is displayed directly on the screen, where it is displayed, rather than indirectly with a mouse or a touchpad. Secondly, it lets one do so without requiring any intermediate device, again, such as a stylus that needs to be held in the hand. Such displays can be attached to computers or, as terminals, to networks. They also play a prominent role in the design of digital appliances such as the personal digital assistant , satellite navigation devices and mobile phone

Resistive

A resistive touch screen panel is composed of several layers. The most important are two thin metallic electrically conductive and resistive layers separated by thin space. When some object touches this kind of touch panel, the layers are connected at certain point; the panel then electrically acts similar to two voltage dividers with connected outputs. This causes a change in the electrical current which is registered as a touch event and sent to the controller for processing. Surface acoustic wave SAW technology uses ultrasonic waves that pass over the touchscreen panel. When the panel is touched, a portion of the wave is absorbed. This change in the ultrasonic waves registers the position of the touch event and sends this information to the controller for processing. Surface wave touch screen panels can be damaged by outside elements. Contaminants on the surface can also interfere with the functionality of the touch screen.

Capacitive

A capacitive touch screen panel is coated with a material, typically indium tin oxide that conducts a continuous electrical current across the sensor. The sensor therefore exhibits a precisely controlled field of stored electrons in both the horizontal and vertical axes - it achieves capacitance. The human body is also an electrical device which has stored electrons and therefore also exhibits capacitance. When the sensor's 'normal' capacitance field (its reference state) is altered by another capacitance field, i.e., someone's finger, electronic circuits located at each corner of the panel measure the resultant 'distortion' in the sine wave characteristics of the reference field and send the information about the event to the controller for mathematical processing. Capacitive sensors can either be touched with a bare finger or with a conductive device being held by a bare hand. Capacitive touchscreens are not affected by outside elements and have high clarity. The Apple iPhone is an example of a product that uses capacitance touchscreen technology.

Infrared

An IR touchscreen panel employs one of two very different methods. One method uses thermal induced changes of the surface resistance. This method is sometimes slow and requires warm hands. Another method is an array of vertical and horizontal IR sensors that detect the interruption of a modulated light beam near the surface of the screen.

Optical imaging

A relatively-modern development in touchscreen technology, two or more image sensors are placed around the edges (mostly the corners) of the screen. Infrared backlights are placed in the camera's field of view on the other sides of the screen. A touch shows up as a shadow and each pair of cameras can then be triangulated to locate the touch. This technology is growing in popularity, due to its scalability, versatility, and affordability, especially for larger units.

Dispersive signal technology

Introduced in 2002, this system uses sensors to detect the mechanical energy in the glass that occur due to a touch. Complex algorithms then interpret this information and provide the actual location of the touch. The technology claims to be unaffected by dust and other outside elements, including scratches. Since there is no need for additional elements on screen, it also claims to provide excellent optical clarity. Also, since mechanical vibrations are used to detect a touch event, any object can be used to generate these events, including fingers and stylus. A downside is that after the initial touch the system cannot detect a motionless finger. 1.1.2
DEVELOPMENT

Virtually all of the significant touchscreen technology patents were filed during the 1970s and 1980s and have expired. Touchscreen component manufacturing and product design are no longer encumbered by royalties or legalities with regard to patents and the manufacturing of touchscreen-enabled displays on all kinds of devices is widespread.

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

Various companies expanded upon these discoveries in the beginning of the twenty- first century. Mainstream exposure to multi-touch technology occurred in the year 2007, when Apple unveiled the iPhone and Microsoft debuted surface computing. The iPhone in particular has spawned a wave of interest in multi-touch computing, since it permits greatly increased user interaction on a small scale. More robust and customizable multi-touch and gesture-based solutions are beginning to become available, among them TrueTouch, created by Cypress Semiconductor. The following is a compilation of notable uses of multi-touch technology in recent years. Microsoft Surface In 2001 Steve Bathiche and Andy Wilson of Microsoft began work on an idea for an interactive table that mixes both physical and virtual worlds. Research and Development expanded rapidly in 2004, once the idea caught the attention of Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates. In 2007 Microsoft introduced MS, a functional multi- touch table-top computer based on a standard PC platform including an Intel Core 2 Duo processor, Windows Vista, and 2 GB of RAM
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