||The importance of automation in the process industries has increased dramatically. The process automation serves to enhance product quality, master the whole range of products, improve process safety and plant availability, efficiently utilize resources and lower emissions. In the rapidly developing countries, mass production is the main motivation for applying process automation.In the rapidly developing countries, mass production is the main motivation for applying process automation.The pharmaceutical industry Puts froward the fastest growing demand for hardware, standard software and services of process automation. The chemical industry, power generating industry, and petrochemical industry put forward the greatest demand for process automation.In the present context, the traditional barriers between information, communication and automation technology are disappearing. wireless networks, fieldbus systems and asset management systems, boost the efficiency of process systems. The fields of biotechnology and microtechnology puts forward the modeling, analysis and design of control systems.
Benefits of process automation:
-A well-automated process can produce
much more reliable results than a manual
-Automation can make things cheaper
But the general precautions should be to Assume that things will fail, and plan to abort and request manual intervention where necessary , to Check the results of automation through an independent path, to log and Measure everything. The basic areas in the process automation field are: analysis and design of distributed control systems, development and test of realtime systems, project management techniques, configuration of software packages, computer hardware and automation modules.